Both players are expected to spend more time at their respective grade-level clubs in New South Wales.
Hashmatullah Shahidi had made an unbeaten 97 to steer Afghanistan to a challenging 257-6.
Rohit Sharma smashed a successive half century after Jadeja took four wickets to dismiss Bangladesh for 173.
Bangladesh were bowled out for a paltry 173 runs in their first Super Four game against India.
Shahidi finished unbeaten on 97 and added 94 for the fourth wicket with his skipper Asghar Afghan.
Pacemen Bhuvneshwar Kumar (3-32) and Jasprit Bumrah (3-37) were also ruthless for India.
The 29-year-old spinner took eight wickets for 10 runs to break a two-decade-old bowling record.
The all-rounder scored an unbeaten 32-ball 57 and then picked up two wickets for just 13 runs.
Pandya, 24, was stretchered off the ground after suffering an acute lower back spasm during the game against archrival Pakistan in Dubai on Wednesday.
The first Test is in Dubai from October 7 with the second in Abu Dhabi from October 16.
Pakistan were bowled out for a paltry 162 and India reached the target in 29 overs.
Pace bowler Kumar took 3 for 15 while off-spinner Jadhav finished with 3 for 23.
The pair face a disciplinary panel hearing in London in December following a brawl outside a nightclub in the southwestern city of Bristol in September 2017.
The last time the two arch-rivals played what is always an emotionally charged fixture -- the final of the Champions Trophy last year -- Pakistan thrashed India by 180 runs.
Chasing a big 286-run target, Hong Kong gave India a run for their money with an opening stand of 174 runs.